The process of destroying and reconstructing a physical structure (house, factory, high rise building etc.) and using its recycled material to reconstruct or renovate other building or part of it is known as demolition and reconstruction of a building. This process is widely used in the construction sector by construction businesses and companies and is a highly profiting method .It has become highly popular nowadays because of its cost effectiveness and its proper functioning. It has become one of the most environment friendly ways of construction because of its properties to use the waste created during the deconstruction of building material which can be reused to create other lower grade products whose grade can be improved by other physical and chemical processes. This waste can also be used in landfills and mixing with concrete to reconstruct structures. It is at the same time one of the most effective and dangerous method too because of its process which is to be done very carefully and precisely to make sure that no mistakes are made and the load bearing capacity of the building or structure is up to mark to ensure that no bad thing happens . The strength and physical properties are measured on a regular basis until the construction is done to see if the recreated material which is made by mixing new material with the waste material can handle the load and make a strong and still structure.
What are the various types of Demolition?
There are many types of demolition which includes domestic, industrial and commercial demolition each is used in different sectors and has some different methods, procedures and safety measures to be taken carefully. But the major points which should be viewed are that there should be a proper and organized plan which is to be laid out effectively by the expert or specialist in the field of construction management and demolition which should be carefully performed by highly trained and experienced workers in this field. All the safety measures and precautions should be taken carefully to make sure that no living being or property is damaged. To make sure that all the procedures are done on a perfect way is that all permits should be acquired by legal means and government’s permission should be taken for each and every work which has to be done under this process.
To acquire all the permits there are some rules which should be strictly followed to make sure that no mistakes are done and if done so that someone can be responsible for it .
What are the different Types of Methods Involved in Demoliition?
There are many different demolition methods which are used in construction sector like demolition by explosives, demolition by hand, demolition by machine and other methods include hydraulic demolition, thermal demolition, thermic lancing demolition, gas expansion buster demolition, drilling and saw demolition .The most effective out of these methods are :-
- I) Explosives = this method is used in large scale destruction where other methods cannot be used .This method is done by taking extra precautions and with more safety measures so that no damage is done to nearby population.
II)Demolition by hand = This method is done in small scale projects where more precise and careful changes are to be made so that more accurate changes can be made without destroying the whole structure.
III)Demolition by machine = This method is nowadays used in all types of construction and demolition works because of its efficiency and less requirement of labours which can make the cost less and also work in extreme height and conditions where humans cannot work.
Overall it’s a better and effective transformation in the construction sector.